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UDC 372. 461 Nataliia Shatska,
associate professor of philosophy and social
sciences and humanities disciplines department
of Zaporizhia OIPPO
FORMATION FEATURES OF LINGUISTIC CULTURE OF INDIVIDUAL IN SOCIETY
In the article there is presented a material at connections of language and culture, cultural identity, importance of native language proficiency and capture foreign. The author of the article proves the importance of reflection through the language of people original culture.
Key words: language culture, cultural identity, cross-cultural integration.
Problem. The formation of the youth language culture in today's society takes their specific features. This is primarily due to the fact that there are two opposing trends in the interaction of national cultures in the last decade. On the one hand, there is their active interference of each other, providing the interchange between certain important values, cultural modifications, providing mutual enrichment of national cultures, on the other hand, each nation tries to maintain their cultural identity without losing their own language and national traditions which urges him to seek for some cultural isolation.
The purpose of the article is to analyze theoretical and practical approaches to reasoning of the native language fluency importance, preservation of national values as part of the nation preservation and development.
Analysis of recent researches and publications. Without denying the obvious importance of intercultural integration that takes place in modern society, the importance of young people mastering foreign languages that enable them to strengthen communication contacts with representatives of other nationalities, we consider it appropriate to refer to the ideas of famous classical teachers such as O. Potebnsa, K. Ushynskyi, V. Sukhomlynskyi and the recommendations of such modern scientists, as O. Biliaiev, V. Zhadko, I. Ziaziun, V. Kremen, V. Lozova, H. Makushynska, O. Nelha, I. Ohiienko, O. Savchenko, O . Sukhomlynsa, L. Skurativskyi, L.Symonenkova, H. Trotsko, H. Shelekhova, who claim that study other cultures by the youth must necessarily take place against the backdrop of mastering their national culture first, particularly the native language. The authors also emphasize that youth should be formed as a person in the semantic field of national values, because in this case will be the social reproduction of certain ethnic group.
In light of this known national linguist and thinker Potebnya noted that certain ethnicity has a indissoluble link between language and its culture, but in a unique reflection of reality through language-specific identity there largely appears appropriate ethnic culture . O. Nelha, in turn, notes that language is the most important mental difference of ethnicity, which distinguishes it from any other nation. Moreover, the author emphasizes that the language specifically displays the outside world transformed by the ethnic group, and the history of the ethnic group as well . H. Makushynska wrote that language is a "constant of people historical being", "objective spirit of past generations", which significantly affects the livelihoods of modern society [5, p. 188]. Being well aware of the high role in shaping national consciousness, I. Ohiienko also claims that language is an important national basis of the Ukrainian people, because the language focuses people’s culture and identity. Following this idea, a prominent thinker wrote that "language is a form of our life, cultural and national. Language is the soul of every nationality, its saint things, its most precious treasure "[7, p. 57].
As V. Zhadko points, in order to have their own history, every nation has deliberately assert their own culture, presented first in their native language, customs and traditions [3, p. 81]. Y. Zhadko continues this view which stresses that "cohabitation connects people in a society, a people generally just ingrained in them the spirit of a common language for understanding that holds together individuals, thus make people's integrity" [3, p. 86].
Thus, the native language plays a leading role in the personal development of young people. Therefore, it is usually in terms of mastering the mother tongue by people it is concluded whether the language culture is formated or no.
As V. Sukhomlynskyi explained, a native word is an important means of educating young people, because it serves as a kind of "window through which children see the world." Continuing his opinion, an outstanding teacher noted that "rich language is a rich spiritual world, developed sense of the word beauty, high moral culture. Poverty of speech is a poverty of thought, and poverty of thought leads to moral, intellectual, emotional, aesthetic indifference"[10, p. 507].
It should be noted that in the writings of many scholars an attention is paid to the fact that the specific characteristics of a particular language significantly affect the display of the objects in its world. In particular, K. Ushynskyi wrote in his article "Native word" that "in the language are spiritualized all the people and all their birthplace; it turns the power of national spirit into the thouhgt, the picture and sound, fatherland sky, its physical phenomena, its climate, its fields, mountains and valleys, its rivers and forests, its winds and storms - all that deep, full of thoughts and feelings of the native voice nature, which speaks so loudly in man's love for her sometimes harsh country that speaks so clearly in the native songs in the native melodies, in the mouths of folk poets ".
M. Heidegger also stressed that every nation in their own perceived picture of the world, because the perception of the world with different native languages is "divided" and "sorted" according to building of their language, which recorded the entire experience of previous generations. Therefore, M. Heidegger, seeing it as a means of nation self-knowledge, said that language is a "house spirit" . W. von Humboldt generally postulated the identity of language and spirit of the people, thus, the only correct definition of the language he considered genetic. Language purpose scholar considered as the "transformation of the world into thought", understanding process ensuring. He also stressed that every language is a tool for perception of the world according to the world outlook that lies in it . Stressing that language is a means of knowledge of the world, K. Kravs noted that the perception of the world passes through the prism of every person .
The views of H. Ortega-i-Gasset Withare are totally consistent with the mentioned above ideas. He said that people make out and form their opinions through the language, because it gives the name to processes and facilities. In light of this the scientist noted that the language speaker not only says it, but also goes through a "laid track" according to the language fate .
As it is known, the human team transforms language into an effective tool of work, making communication an integral part of the livelihood joint extraction process. With the help of language, the process of sharing experiences takes place, contributing to improving of all areas of human life. Of course, in modern society, the use of language is a prerequisite for a successful life of each individual in particular and the community in general.
Scientists say that it plays an important role in the spiritual life of society. In this case, language is provided as a tool the enrichment and improvement of the human mind. Through speech man enriches his inner world, creates new ideals that later are implemented in material life. Language as a means of spiritual communication is the most important factor in the development of the spiritual life of mankind . So, language is the most important means of communication between people, a means for expression and exchange of ideas, feelings, organization of joint activities.
Conclusion. In view of the above, we can conclude that each language is characterized by its specific features on the reflection of the existing world by means of speech, and as a consequence this has a significant impact on the formation of images of the reality that appear between the members of communication. That is why, often when translating text from one language to another, there appear problems associated not so much with the selection of identical equivalents for certain words, but with the search of the phrases that can adequately convey the message contents to the speakers of another language.
It should also be noted that using the language, the thoughts and emotions of individuals can become a spiritual product of the whole society. And mediators of all communication forms are not only spiritual activity results, but also material things, such as tools. Communication promotes the absorption of individual of social experience, the formation of specific historical types of identity and its socialization, achieving correcting and unity of actions in society.
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